Louisiana Butterflies: Pictures and Butterfly Identification Help

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picture of a Julia Heliconia female butterfly, part of the Louisiana butterflies series

Thanks for visiting Louisiana butterflies.

The state’s approximately one hundred and fifty butterfly species puts it in the middle of the state butterfly diversity spectrum. Large areas with grassy coverings make it especially fertile ground for Skipper butterflies, whose larvae depend mostly on natuve grasses.

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The picture at the top of th page shows a Julia Heliconian, or a longwing butterfly in the fritillary genera. Louisiana tourists have the opportunity to see this and another few subtropical species.

The following list divides into families and is accompanied by some pictures of representative species. Anyone looking for butterfly identification help can press the green butterfly button for more information.

Butterflies: Whites and Yellows

picture of an Orange Sulphur
Louisiana hosts a large number of butterflies with yellow wings that belong to the family Pieridae. The picture shows an Orange sulphur, a very common species. Here’s a list of the rest of the white butterflies and yellow butterflies documented in the state.
Falcate Orangetip
Cabbage White
Checkered White
Great Southern White
Clouded Sulphur
Orange Sulphur
Southern Dogface
White Angled-Sulphur
Cloudless Sulphur
Large Orange Sulphur
Orange-barred Sulphur
Lyside Sulphur
Barred Yellow
Mexican Yellow
Little Yellow
Sleepy Orange
Dainty Sulphur

Blues, Hairtreaks and Coppers

picture of a
Hairstreaks dominate the Louisiana Gossamer Wing category in the state. The picture shows the very common Mallow Scrub Hairstreak.
Cassius Blue
Marine Blue
Western Pygmy-Blue
Eastern Pygmy-Blue
Eastern Tailed-Blue
Spring Azure
Summer Azure
Ceraunus Blue
Reakirt’s Blue
Great Purple Hairstreak
Juniper Hairstreak
Frosted Elfin
Henry’s Elfin
Eastern Pine Elfin
Oak Hairstreak
Northern’ Southern Hairstreak
Banded Hairstreak
King’s Hairstreak
Striped Hairstreak
Red-banded Hairstreak
Dusky-blue Groundstreak
Gray Hairstreak
Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak
White-M Hairstreak

Louisiana Butterflies: Brush Footed Typical Garden Butterflies

picture of a Southern Pearly Eye
As a Gulf Coast state with some sub-tropical weather, Louisiana does attract some sub-tropical species such as the Heliconian. Otherwise, many of the same species, such as the milkweed species better known as the Monarchs and Queens can be found in the state, just as they are found in other eastern states.

The picture shows a Souther Pearly Eye, one of the Wood Nymph species that call the state home. Many of the remaining brush footed butterfly species are commonly seen in residential areas and gardens around the larger cities.

Brush footed
American Snout
Gulf Fritillary
Julia Heliconian
Zebra Heliconian
Variegated Fritillary
Diana Fritillary
Great Spangled Fritillary
Red-spotted Purple
Astyanax’ Red-spotted Purple
Hackberry Emperor
Tawny Emperor
Common Mestra
Silvery Checkerspot
Gorgone Checkerspot
Bordered Patch
Phaon Crescent
Pearl Crescent
Texan Crescent
Brush footed
Common Buckeye
White Peacock
Question Mark
Eastern Comma
Mourning Cloak
Red Admiral
Painted Lady
American Lady
Goatweed Leafwing
Southern Pearly-eye
Northern Pearly-eye
Creole Pearly-eye
Appalachian Brown
Gemmed Satyr
Georgia Satyr
Little Wood-Satyr
Carolina Satyr
Common Wood-Nymph

Butterflies: Swallowtails

picture of a pair of Pipevine Swallowtails mating
For a southern state, Louisiana hosts a relatively small number of swallowtail species. They are all very common species in neighboring states. The picture shows a pair of Pipevine Swallowtails.
  • Pipevine Swallowtail
  • Polydamas Swallowtail
  • Zebra Swallowtail
  • Black Swallowtail
  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
  • Spicebush Swallowtail
  • Palamedes Swallowtail
  • Giant Swallowtail

Butterflies: Metalmarks

The Little Metalmark is the state’s only species.
Butterfly identification usually begins with color. So, the butterfly section is split into nine different categories based on wing color and/or the butterfly family to help all visitors and members easily categorize and document their butterfly pictures.