New Hampshire Butterflies: Pictures and Butterfly Identification Help

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picture of a Gratography sign

Thanks for visiting New Hampshire butterflies.

The New Hampshire butterfly population follows the general pattern for initial estimations of butterfly diversity. It’s a small state in the north and therefore it sits at the lower end of the butterfly diversity scale for US states. Including skipper butterflies, approximately one hundred and twenty five species have been documented in the state.

The picture shows a Satyr Comma. It’s an overwintering species that greets New Hampshire residents as soon as the spring thaw begins.

Gratography members can easily contribute to our New Hampshire butterflies collection by registering today.

The buttons at the bottom of the page divide them into nine categories. Anyone looking for butterfly identification help can press the green butterfly button for more information.

Butterflies: Whites and Yellows

picture of a Checkered White butterfly
The list of eight Pieridae species documented in New Hampshire is testament to the low butterfly diversity. The picture shows a Checkered White butterfly.
Mustard White
Cabbage White
Checkered White
Clouded Sulphur
Orange Sulphur
Pink-edged Sulphur
Southern Dogface
Little Yellow

Blues, Hairtreaks and Coppers

picture of a Bog Copper butterfly
Mountains, valleys and the ponds and streams that flow through them explain the increased diversity in blue, hairstreak and copper butterflies in the state. The picture shows a Bog Copper.
Eastern Tailed-Blue
Spring Azure
Northern Azure
Summer Azure
Cherry Gall Azure
Silvery Blue
Melissa Blue
Greenish Blue
Hessel’s Hairstreak
Juniper Hairstreak
Brown Elfin
Hoary Elfin
Frosted Elfin
Henry’s Elfin
Eastern Pine Elfin
Western Pine Elfin
Bog Elfin
Coral Hairstreak
Acadian Hairstreak
Edwards’ Hairstreak
Banded Hairstreak
Striped Hairstreak
Gray Hairstreak
White-M Hairstreak
Early Hairstreak
American Copper
Bronze Copper
Bog Copper

Brush Footed Butterflies

picture of a Regal Fritillary
New Hampshire does host a nice diversity of fritillary species. With few exceptions, such as with the Speyeria fritillaries, identifying the species present in the garden can be quite easy. Regal Fritillaries pictured, fly in prairies that host Prairie violets, the larval food. The dark upper forewing tip of the female is the easiest way to separate the sexes in the field. They only live through the summer season and start the metamorphosis cycle on a yearly basis.
Brush footed
American Snout
Variegated Fritillary
Great Spangled Fritillary
Aphrodite Fritillary
Regal Fritillary
Atlantis Fritillary
Silver-bordered Fritillary
Meadow Fritillary
Arctic Fritillary
Red-spotted Purple
White Admiral
Astyanax’ Red-spotted Purple
Tawny Emperor
Silvery Checkerspot
Harris’ Checkerspot
Pearl Crescent
Northern Crescent
Tawny Crescent
Brush footed
Baltimore Checkerspot
Common Buckeye
Question Mark
Eastern Comma
Satyr Comma
Green Comma
Hoary Comma
Gray Comma
Milbert’s Tortoiseshell
Compton Tortoiseshell
Mourning Cloak
Red Admiral
Painted Lady
American Lady
Northern Pearly-eye
Eyed Brown
Appalachian Brown
Common Ringlet
Little Wood-Satyr

Butterflies: Swallowtails

picture of an Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
The presence of Dutchman’s Pipes and Spicebush, fruit trees and plants in the carrot family insures that swallowtail butterflies are present throughout New Hampshire. They are the typical hosts for Swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. The picture shows the very common Eastern Tiger Swallowtail.
  • Pipevine Swallowtail
  • Black Swallowtail
  • Canadian Tiger Swallowtail
  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
  • Spicebush Swallowtail
  • Giant Swallowtail