For a small state, New Jersey has some butterfly diversity. About one hundred and twenty five species have been documented.
Like many states, Garden State development encroaches on traditional butterfly habitat, sometimes hurting local butterfly populations. The picture shows Thanks for visiting. Gratography members can easily contribute to our New Jersey butterflies collection by registering today.
The buttons at the bottom of the page divide the state’s butterflies into nine categories based on either wing color or family.
Anyone looking for butterfly identification help can press the green butterfly button for more information. The picture at the top of the page shows a White Peacock, a common visitors to gardens and parks across the state.
Butterflies: Whites and Yellows
Whites and Sulphurs (Yellows) are often small to medium sized butterflies. Most of the caterpillars feed on plants from the Mustard family, suggesting that not only the Cabbage White, but all the species, can be found in gardens, parks and residential areas around the state.
Because the adults nectar on flowers, they are also highly visible. The picture shows a Cabbage White butterfly. Identifying them is relatively straight forward. The upperside of the wings are white with gray tips on forewings. Males have one dark, submarginal spot and females have two. The two submarginal spots show up on the picture.
West Virginia White
Large Orange Sulphur
Blues, Hairtreaks and Coppers
New Jersey hosts an average collection of blues, coppers and hairstreak butterflies. Almost every species can also be found in neighboring states. The picture shows an Oak Hairstreak. It’s common up and down the East Coast because of the prevalence of Oak Trees, the host trees for the caterpillars.
Great Purple Hairstreak
Olive’ Juniper Hairstreak
Eastern Pine Elfin
Northern’ Southern Hairstreak
Brush Footed Butterflies
Garden State residents and visitors get a double bonus because the brush footed butterflies love New Jersey gardens as much as the residents and visitors. These are the typically medium to large size butterflies with orange shades in the wings. Almost all nectar on flowers and their larvae feed on very common plants.
Many of the Fritillary caterpillars, for example feed on violets or passion flowers, two very common plants. Monarchs and Queens are known as the milkweed butterflies. Some of the Wood Nymphs feed on grasses. All of these foods and flowers are readily available in parks and gardens around the state. The picture shows a Northern Pearly Eye, a common Wood Nymph species.
Great Spangled Fritillary
Astyanax’ Red-spotted Purple
The picture shows a Palamedes Swallowtail.
- Pipevine Swallowtail
- Zebra Swallowtail
- Black Swallowtail
- Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
- Spicebush Swallowtail
- Palamedes Swallowtail
- Giant Swallowtail
The Northern Metalmark is the only species tatlives in New Jersey.