Texas Birds: Pictures And Bird Identification Tips

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picture of a Mockingbird, the state bird of Texas, and part of the Texas birds series

Texas does everything big, including Texas birds. Even casual birders come to quickly learn that Texas ranks number one in the number of bird species found in a state.

The numbers change from time to time. To date, over 650 have been documented on the Texas bird checklist. That number represents roughly two-thirds of the total number of North American bird species.

Visitors to Texas will find a very friendly birding community. Almost every city and park district is happy to hand out a brochure or bird checklist of the local birds and their seasonal availability. Better yet, arrive at many parks during migration and discover that bird identification is as easy as asking one of the many expert birders present.

Seasonal migration plus year round birding opportunities means Texas is for all the birds, including the Northern Mockingbird, the official state bird. It’s an abundant year round resident in most areas of Texas.

A centralized location along two migratory flyways accounts for most of Texas birdiness. Eight separate ecoregions also mean the state has habitat to accommodate many different types of birds. Consider the most western part of the state, El Paso. It’s a metropolitan area Situated in the Chihuahuan Desert, and it’s surrounded by mountains and water areas. This desert region with multiple habitats hundreds of species. The El Paso birds checklist is now approaching the 400 species mark.

Texas Beach Birds


picture of a Piping Plover or a Black-bellied Plover
Having miles of shoreline along the Gulf Coast also means Texas supports a healthy population of beach birds. A multitude of waterbirds, wading birds, gulls, terns and shorebirds are abundant along the Texas coast every season of the year.

picture of a Golden plover along the Texas beach
Check along the coast during the winter, for example, to catch a peek at the ten plover species. Wintering plover populations such as the Wilson’s Plovers and American Golden Plovers (pictured) exhibit a calm enough demeanor to allow for easy photography opportunities.

The Texas north coastal area is a great place during migration. It’s front and center of the Central Flyway, along with being a land intersection for birds who follow the Gulf Coast on the way to and from the Atlantic Flyway.

Hawk migration picks up steam a bit south of the intersection in Corpus Christi. It’s one of the premier hawk watch destinations in the country, where upward to one million hawks have been counted during the fly by on their way to their southern winter grounds.

Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge


picture of a Green Jay, and endemic bird of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas
South Texas and its subtropical climate add an additional elements of diversity to the Texas birds theme. The border with Mexico also forms the northern boundary for a handful of endemic species such as the Green Jay in the top picture and the Greater Kiskadee, a larger than average and gregarious Flycatcher pictured below.

As a result, for many birders, nothing says birding like birding South Texas. It’s home to over 540 bird species, or 86% of the state’s total number of species.

Situated at the nexus of two flyways, the Lower Rio Grande Valley area of Texas is home for a collection of top notch birding areas known collectively as The World Birding Center. Snow birds with abundant time on their hands can easily spend a season enjoying the sites and sounds of the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

Travelers with a limited time budget, would choose wisely by spending a day roaming the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge.

picture of a Kiskadee, and endemic bird of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas
Known for its tropical climate, around four hundred different bird species call the refuge their temporary or year round home. Some of the species, such as the Green Jay, Plain Chachalaca, Kisdadee and Buff-bellied Hummingbird, don’t fly much further north, making a trip to the refuge the only practical way for adding them to the typical birder’s life list.

Fall through spring provide excellent weather conditions for hiking. Visitors can enjoy strolling one of three different trails, with the looping Chachalaca Trail the shortest.

Practically speaking, it takes little more than a walk from the parking lot to the visitor’s center to begin the birding experience. On any given day, birds are present almost everywhere.

Be advised that keeping ones eyes peeled in the trees and bushes for birds can be difficult. Butterfly species galore, along with a host of additional wildlife, also call the refuge home.

From November through April, Tram rides are available to visitors seeking a less strenuous refuge tour. All visitors are encouraged to bring binoculars, water and the sometimes dreaded DEET (to keep the critters from biting).

Register today and begin posting your stories and pictures of Texas birds from all over the state.

The categories are loosely organized to insure that all the backyard birds and most of the common wild birds are included. Choose a category and begin the adventure.