Vermont Butterflies: Pictures and Butterfly Identification Help

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picture of a Monarch Butterfly the state butterfly of Vermont

The most recent survey of Vermont butterflies documented one hundred and three species in the state. According to the Vermont Butterfly Survey:

Over half of the butterfly species were found in all 8 biophysical regions. Five species were found in just a single region…An additional five species were recorded in only two biophysical regions
This fact tells us that the types of butterflies that any visitor to Vermont will see is highly dependent on the area they visit.

Gratography members can easily contribute to the Vermont Butterflies collection by registering today. The buttons at the bottom of the page divide the state’s butterflies into nine categories.

Visitors looking for additional butterfly identification help can press the green butterflies button.

Butterflies: Whites and Yellows

picture of a Little Yellow butterfly, part of the Vermont butterflies series
Pieridae is the formal name of the family that consists of the butterflies with white wings and yellow wings. Most states have more of the yellow butterfly species. Here’s a list of the rest of the white butterflies and yellow butterflies documented in the state.
Mustard White
West Virginia White
Cabbage White
Clouded Sulphur
Orange Sulphur
Pink-edged Sulphur
Little Yellow

Blues, Hairtreaks and Coppers

picture of a Coral Hairstreak, credit Benny Mazur Flickr
Vermont gossamer wing butterflies have a nice balance between the blues, hairstreaks and coppers.

The picture shows a Coral Hairstreak. They tend to live around fields, especially those with milkweed. Notice also that they are one of the hairstreaks that actually lack a hair like appendage at the bottom of the wing.

Eastern Tailed-Blue
Spring Azure
Northern Azure
Summer Azure
Cherry Gall Azure
Silvery Blue
Juniper Hairstreak
Olive’ Juniper Hairstreak
Brown Elfin
Frosted Elfin
Henry’s Elfin
Eastern Pine Elfin
Coral Hairstreak
Acadian Hairstreak
Hickory Hairstreak
Edwards’ Hairstreak
Banded Hairstreak
Striped Hairstreak
Gray Hairstreak
Early Hairstreak
American Copper
Bronze Copper
Bog Copper

Brush Footed Butterflies

picture of an American Snout butterfly
Many people who don’t look closely at butterflies might mistake the American Snout. As the picture shows, it has a one of a kind set of long labial palps at the top of the head.

They migrate north during the season, and their presence in Vermont depends on weather conditions during the southern breeding season. Many of the other Vermont Butterflies in the Brush footed family can often be spotted in residential areas and gardens.

Brush footed
American Snout
Variegated Fritillary
Great Spangled Fritillary
Aphrodite Fritillary
Atlantis Fritillary
Silver-bordered Fritillary
Meadow Fritillary
Red-spotted Purple
arthemis White Admiral
Astyanax’ Red-spotted Purple
Hackberry Emperor
Tawny Emperor
Silvery Checkerspot
Harris’ Checkerspot
Pearl Crescent
Northern Crescent
Tawny Crescent
Baltimore Checkerspot
Common Buckeye
Brush footed
Question Mark
Eastern Comma
Green Comma
Gray Comma
Milbert’s Tortoiseshell
Compton Tortoiseshell
Mourning Cloak
California Tortoiseshell
Red Admiral
Painted Lady
American Lady
Northern Pearly-eye
Eyed Brown
Appalachian Brown
Common Ringlet
Little Wood-Satyr
Jutta Arctic
Common Wood-Nymph

Butterflies: Swallowtails

picture of an Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly
The picture shows an Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. They are very common because a variety of trees such as apple trees and cherry trees serve as larval hosts. Another interesting fact is that some females have a dark form. They can be identified by the absence of white spots on the abdomen.
  • Pipevine Swallowtail
  • Black Swallowtail
  • Canadian Tiger Swallowtail
  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
  • Spicebush Swallowtail
  • Giant Swallowtail